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Thread: 9th Airforce Escort to RAF Bomber Command Raid

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    Default 9th Airforce Escort to RAF Bomber Command Raid

    Gent's

    Hoping someone can confirm what US 9th Airforce groups were involved in the escort of 155 No.3 Group Avro Lancasters on a raid on Cologne on March 2nd 1945. The No.3 Group ORB states P38's can anyone confirm this and the RAF escort squadrons.

    Also not being a "fighter man" where would I find at the TNA details on RAF escort operations in support of RAF Bomber Command 1944-1945.

    Regards

    Steve
    No.218 (Gold Coast) Squadron Association Historian
    No.623 squadron Research

    ~~IN TIME ~~

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    Hi Steve

    I suggest that your best place to start is in the No 11 Group ORB and ORB Appendices that should provide you with lists of s/e squadrons that made up the escorts.

    Steve

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    Hi Steve,

    the BC Interception Tactics Report (in this case No. 52/45), which often only have brief mention of the non-BC escort states:

    "This stream was escorted by 6 Squadrons of Mustangs and 6 Squadrons of Spitfires of No 11 Group making rendezvous at 0530E and, with a N.W. wind of 85 m.p.h. it was decided to attack from the W.N.W. and rather than take a long bomber stream unnecessarily far east only to make a return against wind, with the possibility of reduced fighter escort efficiency in these circumstances, the stream turned southward from the target."

    "The fighter escort reported seeing a very few ME 262's trying to attack single bombers, following the tactics still used when conditions permit against U.S. heavy bombers, and it is believed one aircraft was shot down by one of these jet aircraft."

    The monograph, "US Army Air Forces in World War II. Combat Chronology 1941 - 1945", by Kit C. Carter and Robert Mueller (Centre for Air Force History, Washington D.C., 1991) has the following rudimentary details on Ninth Air Force operations on 2 March 1945:

    "3/2/45 Ninth AF
    9th Bomb Div hits 5 bridges, 2 comm centres, 3 ordnance and motor transport depots, several city areas, and 6 T/Os. Objectives are to hinder movement by enemy troops trying to help German army caught in front of US Third Army, to obstruct movement in general, and to damage enemy repair and refitting capabilities. Over 1,700 ftrs escort 9th Bomb Div, hit special tgts, fly armed rcn and patrols, and spt US 3d Armd Div at expanding bridgehead on the Erft R, XVI and XIX Corps in Sevelen, Monchen-Gladbach, and Nuess area, and VIII, XII, and XX Corps in Prum R, astride the Kyll R, and in Trier-Saarburg area."

    In this case no RAF escort duties are mentioned in the book, although they are on other occasions.

    Cheers

    Rod

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    Quote Originally Posted by RodM View Post
    Hi Steve,

    the BC Interception Tactics Report (in this case No. 52/45), which often only have brief mention of the non-BC escort states:

    "This stream was escorted by 6 Squadrons of Mustangs and 6 Squadrons of Spitfires of No 11 Group making rendezvous at 0530E and, with a N.W. wind of 85 m.p.h. it was decided to attack from the W.N.W. and rather than take a long bomber stream unnecessarily far east only to make a return against wind, with the possibility of reduced fighter escort efficiency in these circumstances, the stream turned southward from the target."

    "The fighter escort reported seeing a very few ME 262's trying to attack single bombers, following the tactics still used when conditions permit against U.S. heavy bombers, and it is believed one aircraft was shot down by one of these jet aircraft."

    The monograph, "US Army Air Forces in World War II. Combat Chronology 1941 - 1945", by Kit C. Carter and Robert Mueller (Centre for Air Force History, Washington D.C., 1991) has the following rudimentary details on Ninth Air Force operations on 2 March 1945:

    "3/2/45 Ninth AF
    9th Bomb Div hits 5 bridges, 2 comm centres, 3 ordnance and motor transport depots, several city areas, and 6 T/Os. Objectives are to hinder movement by enemy troops trying to help German army caught in front of US Third Army, to obstruct movement in general, and to damage enemy repair and refitting capabilities. Over 1,700 ftrs escort 9th Bomb Div, hit special tgts, fly armed rcn and patrols, and spt US 3d Armd Div at expanding bridgehead on the Erft R, XVI and XIX Corps in Sevelen, Monchen-Gladbach, and Nuess area, and VIII, XII, and XX Corps in Prum R, astride the Kyll R, and in Trier-Saarburg area."

    In this case no RAF escort duties are mentioned in the book, although they are on other occasions.

    Cheers

    Rod

    Rod & Steve,

    Thank you both, Rod, have the BC Interception Tactics Report, not sure if it was this report or the 3 Group ORB that mentions the P38's of the 9th AF.

    Cheers again.

    Steve
    No.218 (Gold Coast) Squadron Association Historian
    No.623 squadron Research

    ~~IN TIME ~~

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