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Thread: Raids against Duesseldorf

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    Default Raids against Duesseldorf

    Hi,

    Duesseldorf (Dusseldorf) has been a target quite often because of its industry and large population. A lot of attacks have been recorded, even if it has only been a jettisoning of a few bombs. But I wonder in how many cases this town has been chosen as the target by bomber command. How can I get to know? Is there somewhere a list of the targets over the whole war? In the end I would like to know the total of all raids against Duesseldorf from the view of bomber command and on which position the raid on 31.7./1.8.1942 has been.

    Thanks for any help.

    Best wishes.

    Marcel

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    Marcel

    The information I have suggests that there were 10 main attacks; 18,099 tons dropped: 64% destroyed.

    No. 35 Squadron dates show:

    24/08/1941
    31/07/1942
    10/09/1942
    25/05/1943
    11/06/1943
    03/11/1943
    02/11/1944

    I am sure there are other statistics, but I offer this as a start point

    Regards

    Pete
    Last edited by PeteT; 30th October 2016 at 10:13.
    Main areas of research:

    - CA Butler and the loss of Lancaster ME334 (http://rafww2butler.wordpress.com/ )
    - Aircrew Training (Basic / Trade / Operational / Continuation / Conversion)
    - The History of No. 35 Squadron (1916 - 1982) (https://35squadron.wordpress.com/)

    [Always looking for copies of original documents / photographs etc relating to these subjects]

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    Hello,

    According to the book Bomber Command War Diarries Düsseldorf was bombed 3 times in 1940 and 21 times in 1941.

    31/07/1942 :630 aircraft bombed Düsseldorf , 279 persons were killed and 1018 injured and 12053 were bombed out

    Regards
    Alain12

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    Hi,

    thanks to both of you. I also believe that the raid on 31.7.1942 was the biggest up to that date. Do you think that the entries in Bomber Command war diaries are all those which are mentioned in the night raid report at the beginning?

    Marcel

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    Hi Marcel ,

    I will check out the period 1942- 1945 tomorrow.

    Alain12

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    This information comes from "Bombing the European Axis Powers" by Richard G Davis
    BC Dusseldorf 6/2/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/11/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/15/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/16/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/17/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/19/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/21/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/22/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/23/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/24/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/26/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/27/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 6/30/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 7/4/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 8/16/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 8/24/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 10/13/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 11/27/1941 T&M
    BC Dusseldorf 12/27/1941 T&M
    BC





























    Dusseldorf





























    3/8/1942





























    City
    BC Dusseldorf 4/6/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 4/10/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/1/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/8/1942 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf 7/23/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 7/31/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 8/15/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 9/10/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/24/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/31/1942 City
    BC Dusseldorf 1/23/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 1/27/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/6/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/12/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/24/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/25/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/2/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/3/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/4/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/16/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/25/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/29/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/11/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/13/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/19/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/20/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 6/24/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 7/6/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 7/28/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 7/29/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 8/5/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 8/7/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 8/10/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 9/3/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 9/5/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 9/13/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 9/25/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/18/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/24/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/31/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/3/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/6/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/15/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/19/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/29/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/12/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/13/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/21/1943 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/28/1943 City
    8 Dusseldorf 12/29/1943 I/A
    BC Dusseldorf 12/29/1943 City
    8 Dusseldorf 1/5/1944 I/A
    BC Dusseldorf 1/6/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 1/8/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 1/20/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 1/21/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 1/23/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/23/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/29/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/3/1944 City
    8 Dusseldorf 3/4/1944 I/A
    BC Dusseldorf 3/9/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/13/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/14/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/15/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 3/19/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 4/9/1944 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf 4/22/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 4/24/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/20/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/21/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/27/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 5/30/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 7/15/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 8/6/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 8/31/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 9/23/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/5/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/12/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/19/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/21/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/22/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 10/27/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/2/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 11/29/1944 City
    BC Dusseldorf 12/12/1944 City
    8 Dusseldorf 1/10/1945 Hy/Br
    BC Dusseldorf 1/18/1945 City
    8 Dusseldorf 1/23/1945 I/A
    BC Dusseldorf 1/28/1945 City
    8 Dusseldorf 2/1/1945 RR/Br
    BC Dusseldorf 2/7/1945 City
    BC Dusseldorf 2/23/1945 City
    8 Dusseldorf/Borsig 9/9/1944 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Buderich 10/21/1943 Castings
    BC Dusseldorf/Buderich 10/24/1943 Castings
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/9/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/9/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/10/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/12/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/14/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/15/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 10/18/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Lohausen 12/24/1944 A/F
    BC Dusseldorf/Mannesmann 11/3/1943 Steel
    BC Dusseldorf/Mannesmann 12/21/1943 Steel
    BC Dusseldorf/Mannesmann 1/23/1944 Steel
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 11/5/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 11/11/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 11/12/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 11/29/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 12/13/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 12/28/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 12/29/1943 Armaments
    BC Dusseldorf/Rheinmetall 1/20/1944 Armaments
    Last edited by David Wallace; 30th October 2016 at 13:56.

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    Thanks David.

    I am not familiar with the abbreviations. Can you please explain them to me?

    Thanks

    Marcel

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    Hi Marcel Here are the target abbreviations used by Davis:
    AAA: antiaircraft artillery
    A/F: all airfields, seaplane bases, airdromes, landing strips, etc.
    A/I: aircraft industry
    A/Iasy: aircraft assembly plant
    A/Icomp: aircraft component plant
    A/Ieng: aero engine plant
    A/Irep: centralized repair and maintenance facility
    When a specific aircraft designator (Me-109, Fw-190, He-177) follows one of the above,
    it denotes that the facility is devoted to that type of aircraft. “A/Iasy Me-110” denotes an
    assembly plant for Messerschmitt 110s.
    Alum/P: aluminum plant
    Armaments: artillery, machine guns, small arms, and associated production
    Barracks: barracks and associated military bases
    Bearings: Axis ball-bearing production
    Canal: canal struck by bombing or mining
    Carpetbagger: Eighth Air Force special operations missions in support of resistance
    movements in occupied territory
    C/C: communications center; town serving as a support center for enemy military
    operations
    Chem/P: heavy-industrial chemical plants and associated production
    Coking/P: coking plants associated with steel, but also used in producing benzene oil
    Dam: dam struck by bombing
    Explosives: explosives manufacturing plants
    Fleet: surface warships or invasion barges of the German and Italian navies
    F/Y: rail freight yard (15th Air Force only)
    Hutted camps: suspected temporary military housing
    Hy: highway
    Hy/BR: highway bridge
    Hy/Choke: highway choke point suitable for bombing
    Hy/Via: highway viaduct
    I/A: industrial area, industrial section of city or town
    Leaflets: Allied leaflet dropping on European targets
    Loco Wks: construction, maintenance, and repair facilities specializing in locomotives
    M/Y: marshaling yard
    MCG/A: military and civilian government area, administrative center of Berlin (only)
    Metal/Wks: specialized metal working, such as engine castings
    Mining: RAF mining operations
    NB: Noball, American code word for bombing V-1 associated targets
    NB/Cons: V-1 related construction
    NB/LrgSiteCons: construction at “large” launching sites
    NB/SkiCons: construction on Ski Site launchers
    NB/V-Site: operational V-Site
    O: oil industry
    O/R: oil refinery
    O/St: oil storage
    O/Ben: synthetic oil (benzene)
    O/Sy: synthetic oil (Fischer-Tropsch or Bergius)
    Omitted: city-area attack on occupied country (Bomber Command only)
    Ord/D: ordnance depot
    Ord/D tanks: AFV depot
    Ord/D artillery: artillery park
    P/A: port area, docks, shipping, warehousing, etc.
    Power Station: usually a key electric generating facility
    RR: railroad targets
    RR/Junc: railroad junction, usually with accompanying facilities
    RR/Br: railroad bridge
    RR/Choke: railroad choke point, suitable for bombing
    RR/Fac: repair and maintenance facilities associated with a marshaling yard
    RR/Via: railroad viaduct
    RR/Shops: railroad maintenance and repair facilities
    RR/Sta: railroad passenger station
    Red Stocking: Eighth Air Force intelligence support operations into Germany
    Special operations: missions in support of resistance movements and Allied clandestine
    and intelligence activities
    Steel: steel works, associated mills, and collocated industry (forges, presses, etc.)
    T & M: transportation and morale (Bomber Command strikes on German transportation
    and workers’ housing in 1941)
    T/O: target of opportunity
    T/T: tactical targets, usually frontline enemy troops
    T/T (M/Y): M/Y struck to support army operations
    T/T (City): city area struck to support army operations
    T/T Coastal Installations: Axis coastal defenses, usually gun batteries
    T/T Defended Localities: fortified villages forming part of enemy front line
    T/T Strong Points: casemated forts
    UB: German submarines (U-boats)
    UB/Yards: shipyards building U-boats
    UB/Pens: massive hardened concrete shelters for U-boats
    UB/Base: U-boat support facility without pen
    Last edited by David Wallace; 30th October 2016 at 16:55.

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    very nice, thanks David.

    Marcel

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    Marcel

    From my research into 78 Sqn it would appear that the aiming point for the night of 31/01 August 1942 was Aiming Point Y. The attack was split into 3 waves, the 1st wave comprising 112 Heavies and attacking from 0200 to 0210, the 2nd wave comprised 396 Mediums and attacked from 0205 to 0245 and the final wave of 146 Heavies between 0235 to 0250. 6 Blenheims would conduct intruder operations.

    78 Sqn were tasked to provide 11 aircraft, all in the first wave and the route was as follows:

    Outward - Base - Ely - Aldeburgh - Overflakke - 51 31 N 05 38E - Target
    Homeward - Target - Julich - Noordland - Orfordness - Ely - Base.

    Of the 11 aircraft, ten would carry two 4000lb cookies and the 11th would carry 8 x 1000lb TD bombs. They were also tasked with dropping 'Nickels' over Holand on the way out and Belgium on the way back.

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