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Thread: USAAF/RAF aircrft accidents

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    Default USAAF/RAF aircrft accidents


    Just returned from Maxwell AFB to research the losses of 416 NFS, USAAF Beaufighter and Mosquito aircraft. Prior to 1945, they have virtually no reports for 416 NFS Beaufighter accidents--but many Beau accident reports for 414, 415, & 417 Squadrons. Rather than walk away with nothing, I copied whatever reports relating to a British aircraft that I could find. I hope the members of this site find these of interest. There will be several submissions with these reports posted on this web site.

    Norman Malayney
    19 August 1944, AAF Station145 at 1555 hours, Percival Proctor P6199, 467 Group, 791 Bomb (H) Squadron. Crew: Hooton, Edward, Lt. pilot, Floyd, Rex W Lt. and Lubart, Herbert Cpl.

    Weather 7/10 cumulus clouds base 3,000 feet, 9/10 medium clouds base 10,000 feet, visibility 6 miles, surface wind at 13 miles per hour South-East, Weather was a factor in this accident. Cleared from AAF 377 to AAF 145, ferrying personnel

    Aircraft P-6199 pilot by 1st Lt. Edward Hooten came in for landing on runway in use. A gusty crosswind caused aircraft to veer to left; over control by pilot caused aircraft to turn to right as power was applied, starting tight turn and buckling left landing gear. In order to prevent further repetition of this type of accident this board recommends that no four-engine pilot with less than 500 hours single-engine aircraft pilot time be allowed to fly this type of aircraft, and receive more thorough transition to fly single-engine aircraft.

    12 October 1943, Lysander IIIA V9356, time 1440 hours, 323rd B.F., 453rd Bomb Sq. , AAF Station 358. Crew: Macksond, Alfred C. F/O pilot, and Jenks, Howard L, 2/Lt.

    Ceiling was 1,500 feet, Visibility, 2 miles, cleared from station 358 to Station 358 for local transition flight. Landing accident, plane swerved to left and nosed up off the edge of runway. Cause of accident. Left wheel locked due to frozen hub bushing, which prevented wheel from turning.
    23 July 1944, Station F356, time 1800 hours, Oxford Mk II AP468, 1st Service Group, 5th Service Squadaron. Crew. Thomas Warth, 1st Lt. , 355th Fighter Group, 358th Fighter Squadron, F-122.

    Visibility 10 miles, overcast at 3,000 feet, wind NNE 10 mph. Cleared from St. F356 to F-122 on cross-country flight.

    On 23 July 1944, at approximately 1800, and Oxford Mk II serial No. AP468 pilot by Thomas H. Warth crashed while attempting a takeoff at Station F-356. The pilot was not injured by the crash. He taxied out to takeoff, then checked both engines and they checked OK on both normal and rich mixture. The pilot started down the runway but before he could become airborne, the right engine faultered and then cut-out completely. The plane swerved to the right, the pilot attempted to stop by the use of brakes but the speed was too great. In order to avoid a collision with a parked aircraft, the pilot brought the plane to a stop in a clump of trees, causing serious damage to the aircraft. Failure of the power plant is responsible for the accident.
    8 July 1944, AAF station 481, time 0830, Oxford II R-6093 assigned to Stn. 124, 445th BG, HQ 445th BG. Pilot Major Richard C. Harding, weather 3 miles visibliity, 2/10th cloud coverage. Cleared from AAF Stn. 481 to AAF Stn. 124.

    On 8 July 1944 at 0830 hours aircraft number R6093 was cleared from Station 481 to Station 124 on a cross-country flight. While proceeding down the runway at 60 mph, the right tire blew out, causing the aircraft to pull to the right edge of the runway; approximately 5 feet from the edge of runway, the right landing gear collapsed causing the aircraft to do a half ground loop and skid on the right wing causing considerable damage to the right landing gear, right wing, aileron and propeller.
    8 July 1944 LMS Barassie, near Prestwick, Scotland, time 1745 hours, Spitfire VB EP176 from MU, LMS, Barassie, RAF. Capt. William J. Varley, pilot from 495 Ftr Tng Group, HQ & HQ Squadron of AAF Stn. 342.

    CAVU weather. Cleared from AAF 342 to Dun Donald, Ferrying aircraft for delivery to RAF. Pilot executed low approach pattern, undershot about 30 yards, touched down in oat field, shearing off landing gear. Aircraft slid into landing area on belly. Major damage to Propellor, engine, flaps, undercarriage. Minor damage to wings, lower cowling, under fuselage.
    9 July 1944, Burnaston Airfield, Derby, time 1115 hours, Oxford I V4226, 7th Photo Group, 381st Service Squadron, pilot Capt. Walter J. Simon, of 7th PG, 14 Photo Rcn Squadron, AAF 234.

    Weather Ceiling 7/10 at 500 feet, visibility 2 miles, Rain, Wind south 12 mph. Pilot was ferrying aircraft from AAF 234 to Burnston, AF Derby. Upon landing aircraft skidded on grass, over shooting airfield boundary. Damage caused: both props broken, skin torn and pitot tube broken.
    13 April 1944, AAF Station 136, time 1500 hours. Oxford Mark I, DF507, 388th Bomb Group, 452nd Sub Depot. Crew: pilot Wysasake, Walter, R. Lt.; Penton, Gordon K. Capt.; Sullivan Leo W. Lt. Pilot from 388th Bomb Group, 560th Bomb Sq. of AAF St. 136.

    Weather: overcast at 14,000 feet, wind direction ESE at 15 mph, visiblity six miles. Aircraft cleared from AAF Stn 136 to Stn 136 on local transition training flight. While taxing aircraft pilot failed to use brakes properly and struck a parked truck. Damage left wing and aileron, left horizontal stabizer.
    14 June 1943 AAF Station 112, time 1150 hours, Defiant Mark One DB945, CCRC 11, 326 Bomb Squadron. Pilot Lt. James B. Foster,CCRC 11, 326 Bomb Squadron, AAF Stn. 112.

    Weather 2500 feet ceiling, scattered clouds, visibility 6-12 miles. cleared from AAF Stn. 112 to local transition training flight. Landing gear collapsed just before takeoff, after practicing lanings. Apparently landing gear not locked down. Damage to oil cooler, landing gear, underskin on wing tip, propeller tips damaged.
    30 April 1944, Coockham Moore, Bourne End, Berks. time 2040 hours, Spitfire VB, (no serial given) 7th PG, 14th Photo Rcn Squadron. pilot Carl Joseph Chapman, Captain of AAF Stn. 234, APO 634.

    Weather: scattered cloud 3,000 ft, visibility. over ten miles, wind WNW 8 to 12 mph. Cleared from AAF Station 234 to AAF Station 234 for local training flight. aircraft suffered engine failure, causing forced landing at Cockham Moor, Bourne End, Berks. Damage: propeller, flaps, coolant and oil radiators, right wing.
    14 April 1944, Oxford II N-4759 from AAF Stn. 416. (Y488) time 2310 hours, Pilot 2nd Lt. James Martin. Fisher, plus two other passengers suffered major injuries.

    Weather: cloud 5/10 stratocumulous 2000 feet, ceiling cloud above 101/0, intermittent rain becoming continuous, visibility four miles. Cleared from Balderton to Burtonwood for ferrying parts. Oxford No. N4759 crashed at Marston Moor on the night of the 14th April 1944. Pilot took off from Balderton about 2115 hours with the intention of proceeding to Dartonwood via Hooten Park. At the ETA Hooten Park 2150 dusk had fallen and the visibility was very poor. He was unable to pinpoint himself and accordingly set course to the East, intending to return to Balderton. About five minutes before ETA Balderton, he commenced signalling on the downward identification light.

    At Marston Moor, the night flying programme having concluded at 2210 hours, the DREM lighting system was switched off with the exception of the perimeter track lighting and obstruction lighting on high buildings such as hangars, etc. At 2257 hours the duty control officer received a telephone message to the effect that an aircraft was circling and flashing SOS. Full Drem lighting, including the outer circle was immediately switched on for any emergency landing.

    Very soon the airfield was illuminated just to the starboard of the aircraft, then at 4,000 feet. He circled twice to lose height and then proceeded to carry out a normal approach and landing. He was on approach at IAS 90 mph and apparently, according to instruments, at an indicated altitude of 500 feet, the aircraft struck a tree. It immediately descended heavily to the ground and burned, causing major injuires to the three occupants.
    30 April 1944, AAF Station 485, time 1050 hours, Oxford, Mark II AB650 from station 485, IX BC, 9th AF, 1st Pathfinder Squadron. Crew. Lt. Dale R. Bartels and Capt. Charles E. Crain Jr. from the 323 Group, 454 Bomb Squadron at station 358, attached for flying to station 485. Weatehr: CAVU, Cleared from Station 485 to Stn. 485 for local transition training.

    Accident occured approximately 50 yards south of north perimeter strip in parking area south of flying control building. Lt.Bartels, pilot of Oxford AB650 taxied south on perimeter strip. Wind was N NW at time of accident, making taxiing by use of flying controls impractical. According to pilot the pneumatic brake system failed to function properly though air pressure was recorded at 105 pounds. Taxiing plane became uncontrollable and swerved off taxi strip to right into parking area where Oxford number AS732 was moored. Due to failure of brake system, tail wind and the fact that taxi stirp was on a slight downhill grade, it was impossible for the pilot to stop the aircraft before striking other parked aircraft, though he attempted a ground loop and failed to alter course of aircraft in time. Accident atttributed to mechanical failure.
    25 November 1943, AAF Station 234, time 1105, Spitfire V AR404 7th PG, 12th Photo Squadron, Pilot albert W. Clark, 2nd Lt.

    Weather: CAVU. Local training flgiht. While on the downwind leg the pilot opened the canopy; the prop was already in low pitch. A long approach was necessary in as much as the pilot had some difficulty in opening the canopy. The pilot is certain he placed the landing gear handle in the down position, but through some error he must have returned it to the uplock position, thinking he was locking it. As the pilot was about to touch the ground, with airspeed about 85 or 90, he noticed red flare ball, but it was too late to pull up, so he touched down to a belly landing and skidded to a stop. Damge: propeller, engine flaps, coolant radiator, cowling, oil cooler under left wing, air intake scoop.
    18 October 1943, RAF Station Maghaberry, N.I., time 1044 hours, Sptifire VA N3138, , VIII AFCC, Hq Sq., Maghaberry Stn., Pilot Lt. A. A. G. Talbot.

    Weather: visibility 6 miles, clouds 1/10 to 6/10 at 2,500 ft., wind 5 mph at 110 degrees. Cleared from Maghaberry to Maghaberry on local transition training flight. When landing, the aircraft swerved off left of runway at an angle of approximately 30 degrees, travelling a distance of approx. 200 yards, nosing up when wheels hit boggy land. Damage: bent propeller, major damaged to left wing, aileron and pitot tube. Possible engine and undercarriage strain.
    Last edited by norman malayney; 29th January 2008 at 14:46. Reason: correct spelling errors

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